An integrated approach to the restoration and management of estuaries: science to governance
报告题目：An integrated approach to the restoration and management of estuaries: science to governance
系列：“生态与环境讲坛”系列第 159 讲
报告人：Prof. Mike Elliott
时间：2017年1月10日 (周二) 上午9:30-10:30
来访单位：The University of Hull, UK
摘要： The one single big idea in estuarine management is how to protect and maintain ecological structure and functioning while at the same time delivering ecosystem services and societal benefits. The ecosystem services emanate from the natural processes and cover the regulating, provisioning, supporting and cultural aspects. Societal benefits then can be gathered from the ecosystem services but only after inputting time, energy, finance and skills. Hence, in order to achieve a sustainable and successful estuarine management requires all environmental and socio-economic aspects to be considered. A hazard and risk typology will be presented showing that pressures emanate from inside the managed system (termed endogenic managed pressures) and outside the managed system (termed unmanaged exogenic pressures). This involves fulfilling the so-called 10-tenets which inter alia includes a plethora of environmental legislation, both national and European, and many statutory organisations as well as economic imperatives. This presentation will discuss the governance and stakeholder typology, involvement and conflicts, and successes and impediments to estuarine integrated management. It will use examples taken from worldwide including the ability to use the best ecoengineering and ecohydrology principles to achieve sustainable outcomes; for example, the latter includes creating habitats to give wins for human safety, the economy and ecology. It will discuss two types of ecoengineering – Type A in which the environment is modified thus allowing the biota to recover, and Type B in which the biota is supplemented through replanting or restocking. This overall framework will be presented as the DAPSI(W)R(M) approach whereby Drivers (basic human needs) create Activities and Pressures (the mechanisms of change). These then create State changes on the natural system and Impacts on the Welfare of the Human system. These in turn then require Responses using Measures, based on the 10-tenets.
简介： Professor Elliott is the Director of the Institute of Estuarine & Coastal Studies (IECS) ( http://www.hull.ac.uk/iecs) and Professor of Estuarine and Coastal Sciences at the University of Hull, UK. Mike is a marine biologist with a wide experience and interests in marine and estuarine ecology, human impacts, marine and estuarine management and policy. His teaching, research, advisory and consultancy work includes many ecological components and communities, as well as policy, governance and management of estuaries and coasts. Mike has published widely, co-authoring/co-editing 17 books and contributing to over 250 scientific publications. This includes co-authoring 'The Estuarine Ecosystem: ecology, threats and management' (with DS McLusky, OUP, 2004), 'Ecology of Marine Sediments: science to management' (with JS Gray, OUP, 2009), and ‘Estuarine Ecohydrology: an introduction’ (with E Wolanski, Elsevier, 2015) and as a volume editor and contributor to the Treatise on Estuarine & Coastal Science (Eds.-In-Chief - E Wolanski & DS McLusky, Elsevier). He has advised on many environmental matters for academia, industry, government and statutory bodies in Europe and elsewhere. Mike is a past-President of the international Estuarine & Coastal Sciences Association (ECSA) and is also one of the 6 Editors-in-Chief of the international journal Estuarine, Coastal & Shelf Science; he has Adjunct Professor and Research positions at Murdoch University (Perth), Klaipeda University (Lithuania), the University of Palermo (Italy), and the South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, Grahamstown. From 2014 Appointed Independent Non-Executive member of the UK Marine Science Coordinating Committee and member of the Science Advisory Board of Marine Scotland. From 2014, member Society for Underwater Technology: International Salvage & Decommissioning Committee. From 2015 member of the Science Advisory Group of Seafish Ltd. And the UK Marine Assessment Reporting Group. Awarded Laureate of the Honorary Winberg Medal 2014 of the Russian Hydrobiological Academic Society.