Wang Q., Chen J.Y., Chen S., Qian L., Yuan B., Tian Y., Wang Y.Z., Liu J.C., Yan C.L. and Lu H.L.. 2020. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 386:121655.
Terrestrial fungi, especially arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, enhance heavy metal sequestration and promote ecosystem restoration. However, their ecological functions were historically overlooked in discussions regarding water quality. As an AM fungi-derived stable soil protein fraction, glomalin-related soil protein (GRSP) may provide insights into the ecological functions of AM fungi associated with water quality in coastal ecosystems. Here, we first assessed the metal-loading dynamics and ecological functions of GRSP transported into aquatic ecosystems, characterized the composition characteristics, and revealed the mechanisms underlying Cu and Cd sequestration. Combining in situ sampling and in vitro cultures, we found that the composition characteristics of GRSP were significantly affected by the element and mineral composition of sediments. In situ, GRSP-bound Cu and Cd contributed 18.91-22.03% of the total Cu and 2.27-6.37% of the total Cd. Functional group ligands and ion exchange were the principal mechanisms of Cu binding by GRSP, while Cd binding was dominated by functional group ligands. During the in vitro experiment, GRSP sequestered large amounts of Cu and Cd and formed stable complexes, while further dialysis only released 25.74 ± 3.85% and 33.53 ± 3.62% of GRSP-bound Cu and Cd, respectively.
|Figure 1. GRSP fraction promoted water quality improvement and bioremediation of heavy metals in the aquatic environment. It enters coastal water via rivers through erosion and sequestered heavy metals primarily through the process of ion exchange and functional group ligands.|